The Discovery missions are adding significantly to the body of knowledge about the Solar System. This provides opportunities to participate in non-NASA missions by providing funding for a science instrument or hardware components of a science instrument or to re-purpose an existing NASA spacecraft. On board the lander , later renamed the Carl Sagan Memorial Station, was a small rover called Sojourner that executed many experiments on the Martian surface.
Stardust was a kilogram robotic space probe launched by NASA on February 7, , to study the asteroid Annefrank and collect samples from the coma of comet Wild 2.
The primary mission was completed January 15, , when the sample return capsule returned to Earth. Stardust was decommissioned on March 25, The Genesis spacecraft was a NASA sample return probe which collected a sample of solar wind and returned it to Earth for analysis. It was the first NASA sample return mission to return material since the Apollo Program , and the first to return material from beyond the orbit of the Moon.
On July 4, , the impactor successfully collided with the comet's nucleus , excavating debris from the interior of the nucleus. Photographs of the debris and impact crater showed that the comet was very porous and its outgassing was chemically diverse. The spacecraft, named in honor of the 17th-century German astronomer Johannes Kepler ,  was launched in March The telescope's second mission, K2, began in May Launched on January 25, , the objective of the mission was to test sensors and spacecraft components under extended exposure to the space environment and to make scientific observations of the Moon and the near-Earth asteroid Geographos.
NASA - Wikipedia
The Geographos observations were not made due to a malfunction in the spacecraft. It began the United States' return to Mars after a year absence.
- Navigation menu.
- Space Flight Archives - Page 39 of - Universe Today;
- VENUS - larrygerstman.
- Charity (Catholic Spirituality for Adults).
- Sarahs Page (The Sarahs Page Series Book 1);
It completed its primary mission in January and was in its third extended mission phase when, on November 2, , the spacecraft failed to respond to commands. The Surveyor spacecraft used a series of high-resolution cameras to explore the surface of Mars, returning more than , images from September to November The Titan probe, Huygens , entered and landed on Titan in Cassini was the fourth space probe to visit Saturn and the first to enter orbit. It reached Saturn's moon Titan on January 14, , when it entered Titan's atmosphere and descended down to the surface. It successfully returned data to Earth, using the orbiter as a relay.
Sixteen European countries and the United States made up the team responsible for designing, building, flying and collecting data from the Cassini orbiter and Huygens probe. After several mission extensions, Cassini was deliberately plunged into Saturn's atmosphere on September 15, , to prevent contamination of habitable moons.
The Earth Observing System EOS is a program of NASA comprising a series of artificial satellite missions and scientific instruments in Earth orbit designed for long-term global observations of the land surface, biosphere , atmosphere , and oceans of the Earth. The satellite component of the program was launched in Funding for the program was eliminated from the FY budget by the th United States Congress , effectively leading to its cancellation.
With a refocusing of the program in , the Deep Space series was renamed "Space Technology. Deep Space 1 DS1 is a spacecraft dedicated to testing a payload of advanced, high-risk technologies. Launched on October 24, , the Deep Space 1 mission carried out a flyby of asteroid Braille , the mission's science target.
Its mission was extended twice to include an encounter with Comet Borrelly and further engineering testing. Problems during its initial stages and with its star tracker led to repeated changes in mission configuration.
- List of uncrewed NASA missions - Wikipedia.
- space-book | Jim Bell.
- Navigation menu?
The Deep Space series was continued by the Deep Space 2 probes, which were launched in January on Mars Polar Lander and were intended to strike the surface of Mars. By measuring gravity, GRACE showed how mass is distributed around the planet and how it varies over time. The mission's scientific objective is to search for and study rocks and soils that indicate past water activity. The Spirit rover remained operational until , while the Opportunity rover remained operational until The spacecraft flew by Earth once and Venus twice.
Then it flew by Mercury three times, in January , October ,  and September ,   becoming the second mission to reach Mercury, after Mariner The New Frontiers program is a series of space exploration missions being conducted by NASA with the purpose of researching several of the Sun 's planets including Jupiter , Venus , and the dwarf planet Pluto.
NASA is encouraging both domestic and international scientists to submit mission proposals for the project. New Frontiers was built on the approach used by the Discovery and Explorer Programs of principal investigator -led missions. It is designed for medium-class missions that could not be accomplished within the cost and time constraints of the Discovery Program, but are not as large as Flagship-class missions. There are currently three New Frontiers missions in progress.
New Horizons was launched on January 19, , and flew by Pluto in July A flyby of MU69 will take place in The Mars Scout Program was a NASA initiative to send a series of small, low-cost robotic missions to Mars , competitively selected from proposals by the scientific community. Phoenix was a lander adapted from the canceled Mars Surveyor mission. Phoenix was launched on August 4, , and landed in the icy northern polar region of the planet on May 25, Phoenix was designed to search for environments suitable for microbial life on Mars and to research the history of water there.
The lander last made a brief communication with Earth on November 2, Dawn is a NASA spacecraft tasked with the exploration and study of the asteroid Vesta and the dwarf planet Ceres , the two largest members of the asteroid belt. The spacecraft was constructed with some European cooperation, with components contributed by partners in Germany, Italy, and the Netherlands.
Dawn is the first spacecraft to visit either Vesta or Ceres. It is also the first spacecraft to orbit two separate extraterrestrial bodies, using ion thrusters to travel between its targets. Previous multi-target missions using conventional drives, such as the Voyager program , were restricted to flybys. Launched on September 27, , Dawn entered orbit around Vesta on July 16, , and explored it until September 5, To this end, a detailed mapping program identifies safe landing sites, locates potential resources on the Moon, characterizes the radiation environment, and demonstrates new technology.
The probe has made a 3-D map of the Moon's surface and has provided some of the first images of Apollo equipment left on the Moon. It can chemically analyze samples by scooping up soil and drilling rocks using a laser and sensor system. The "Curiosity" rover is about two times longer and fives times more massive than the " Spirit " or " Opportunity " Mars Exploration Rovers  and carries more than ten times the mass of scientific instruments.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. List of uncrewed NASA missions. Main article: Explorers Program. Main article: Pioneer program. Main article: Project Echo. Ranger spacecraft. Main article: Ranger program. Main article: Telstar. Main article: Mariner program. Main article: Surveyor program. Main article: Helios probes.
- The Rhythm and The Rhyme of the Spirit Within Me (Rhythm & Rhyme Book 1).
- Continence Care - CCCN Certification Review (Certification in Continence Care Book 1).
- Space Flight Archives - Page 39 of - Universe Today?
- Power Exchange III: Stories of Sensual Dominance (Power Exchange: Explicit Stories of Kinky Sensual Domination Book 3)!
Main article: Viking program. Main article: Voyager program. Main article: High Energy Astronomy Observatory 1. Main article: Solar Maximum Mission. Main article: Infrared Astronomical Satellite. Main article: Magellan spacecraft. Main article: Galileo spacecraft. See also: Galileo probe.
Main article: Hubble Space Telescope. Main article: Ulysses spacecraft. Main article: Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite. Main article: Discovery Program. Main article: Clementine spacecraft. Main article: Mars Global Surveyor. Main article: Cassini—Huygens. Main article: Earth Observing System.
Main article: New Millennium Program. Main article: Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment. Main article: Mars Exploration Rover. See also: Spirit and Opportunity. Main article: New Frontiers program. Main article: Dawn spacecraft.
Solar System, technical/Venus
Main article: Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. Main article: Mars Science Laboratory. Archived PDF from the original on October 19, Retrieved July 12, Archived from the original on March 8, Retrieved June 9, Sputnik: The Launch of the Space Race. Archived from the original on January 22, Retrieved February 26, March 23, Archived from the original on May 7, Retrieved February 17, Mission and Spacecraft Library.
Archived from the original on May 27, Retrieved February 6, Archived from the original on May 11, Retrieved October 21, Retrieved July 13, Communication Satellites 4 ed. Archived from the original on January 7, Retrieved February 27, Archived from the original PDF on September 10, Retrieved May 12, Archived PDF from the original on December 25, Retrieved February 15, Archived PDF from the original on May 25, Retrieved February 25, Retrieved March 18, Archived from the original on May 29, Lunar Orbiter V.
August 8, Archived from the original on December 25, Retrieved December 24, Clearly visible on the left side of the globe is the eastern half of Africa and the entire Arabian peninsula. Lunar and Planetary Institute. Archived from the original on December 13, Retrieved February 19, Guinness World Records. Archived from the original on December 19, Retrieved February 28, Archived from the original on March 4, Archived from the original on September 14, Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Archived from the original on June 28, Retrieved January 19, Archived from the original on April 20, Retrieved February 16, Archived from the original on April 23, Retrieved June 13, Archived from the original on January 24, Dictionary of Minor Planet Names.
Retrieved March 1, The Magellan Venus Explorer's Guide. Retrieved February 14, Archived from the original on February 19, Retrieved February 18, BBC News. September 21, Archived from the original on February 18, Archived from the original on April 22, Retrieved April 26, Waring Government Printing Office. Archived PDF from the original on September 27, Retrieved September 24, Archived from the original on September 21, British Broadcasting Company.
June 26, Retrieved June 26, Archived from the original on March 9, European Space Agency. June 30, Retrieved July 1, Archived from the original on February 25, September 23, Archived from the original on September 24, Washington Post.
November 13, Retrieved March 2, Archived from the original on September 30, Retrieved March 4, Archived from the original on December 22, Archived from the original on July 21, Solar System Exploration.